Best CBD Beauty and Cosmetics Products

Are Cbd Cosmetics As Good As Everybody Says?

Best CBD Beauty and Cosmetics Products

One factor to contemplate when baking or cooking with hashish oil is the temperature of the dish being prepared. Heating the cannabis oil to temperatures exceeding 245 levels Fahrenheit will burn the THC. Adding a number of drops of hashish oil to your tea may give you a ‘double-dose’ of calm and ease. This type Best CBD Face Serums of oil is simply legal in states which have medical marijuana laws or have carried out leisure laws. It is possible to search out CBD products with added THC, however not all oils contain it.

The potential for pre-packaged edibles — from baked goods to gummies — is starting to increase. Each of those contains 4 tips to preserve youth beauty allueur CBD oil or powder, permitting for a similar advantages as other forms.
These merchandise usually are not supposed to diagnose, deal with, treatment or forestall any disease. The human physique accommodates a specialized system referred to as the endocannabinoid system that regulates a variety of bodily capabilities including sleep, appetite, ache, and immune system response. Studies have shown that CBD may help scale back chronic ache by impacting endocannabinoid receptor exercise, decreasing irritation and interacting with neurotransmitters. Our Golden Oil is a top quality distillate that supersedes the average oil on the market. Some employers have stopped testing for THC when drug screening job applicants. But the prescription CBD product Epidiolex, which is FDA accredited for the treatment of childhood seizure problems, is taken at doses of 300 to 800 milligrams per day, she noted. All of our CBD merchandise are tested by the foremost independent laboratories.

Do You Know How CBD Can Affect Our Endocannabinoid System?

Researchers have conducted many studies into the potential mechanisms of CBD in opposition to cancer. Although much much less identified, our bones also have little-researched receptors for cannabinoids. In addition, CBD successfully reduces seizures in two types of pediatric epilepsy. A liquid CBD anti-seizure drug, Epidiolex, was permitted by the FDA in June 2018. CBD could be extracted right into a thick, oily paste and mixed with a provider oil to provide CBD oil, which is made with a particular focus of CBD. In layman terms, CBD oil doesn’t make you are feeling high or alter your brain chemistry like opioids, weed or other psychoactive medical medication.
Smoke from marijuana accommodates harmful chemicals that could result in respiratory illness. CBD oil from Try The CBD has zero pesticides, heavy metals, or other harmful chemicals. You could even examine their model, product kind, and make contact with particulars, so you can confirm their quality and security requirements. With that quantity, you gained’t have to worry about experiencing any thoughts-altering results Cara, failing drug exams or breaking the legislation. You can start with the suggested 1mL serving dimension (or smaller when you’d prefer), and then progressively enhance it until you obtain the specified outcomes. Allueur cbd lip balm cbd chapstick While the dropper is contained in the bottle, squeeze the rubber finish and launch it to let it fill again up so far as it’ll go. This should fill up to around half of the dropper and provide you with a full 1ml dose of the oil.
BFF acknowledges that CBD just isn’t a one-measurement-suits-all proposition, nonetheless. The firm has developed a numerical system to help customers decide which of its merchandise will work greatest for them. Finally, Dr. Ian factors out that lots of CBD products have a QR code on the label. You can scan the code together with your phone and have a look at the Certificate of Analysis. Basically, when it comes to shopping for CBD products, Dr. Ian cautions that you just normally get what you pay for. If you are interested in CBD merchandise there is a CBD checklist that you must follow earlier than shopping for. “Remember, the CBD and other cannabinoids bind to receptors in your nervous system and that is what gives you the aid.”
Best CBD Beauty and Cosmetics Products
CBD might also be efficient in combating zits because it helps scale back the manufacturing of sebum within the skin. Additionally, studies indicate that cannabidiol may be efficient in treating eczema and psoriasis as nicely. Founder Priyanka Ganjoo created the line, which is called after a kind of Indian ice cream, due to the lack of South Asian illustration she noticed in the beauty industry. The model’s photography and mission are simply as particular as the merchandise. My favourite thus far is that this navy eyeliner, which has a metallic, nearly molten end to it that glides on creamy and stays put all through the day.

Allueur Hemp and CBD Infused Skincare and Beauty Products

The largest points are power of CBD , the presence of undeclared THC, and contamination with pesticides, metals and solvents. Patients who are thinking about making an attempt CBD should first discuss to the well being care supplier who treats their arthritis earlier than trying CBD. Test your data about taking acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine . A 2017 study revealed within the journal JAMA discovered that of 84 CBD merchandise researchers purchased online, 43% had more CBD than indicated, 26% had much less, and some even had sudden THC. Hemp may be cultivated, processed into merchandise like CBD supplements, and sold across the United States if THC level is at or under 0.3%.
The Endocannabinoid system helps regulate sleep cycles, moods and feelings, immune system function, pain perception, and extra. We look forward to hearing from you and studying how we might help you obtain your health targets. The Farm Bill Act descheduled some hashish products from the Controlled Substances Act for the first time in early 2019. Hemp oil is a broad time period to cowl completely different oils which might be extracted from hemp crops — together with CBD oil and hemp seed oil. CBD oil that isn’t medically prescribed can solely have a maximum THC content of zero.2%. CBD oil merchandise which have a higher THC content material could also be available to buy online, however not legally. CBD is made by extracting the oil from the hashish plant, then diluting it with a provider oil corresponding to coconut, hemp seed oil, avocado, or almond.
Best CBD Beauty and Cosmetics Products
But CBD can be current in excessive concentrations — and the world is awakening to its attainable benefits. Similar to supplements, CBD production and distribution are not regulated by the FDA. They may be vaporized in a daily weed vaporizer or could be bought in pre-roll form. We counsel starting with a small dosage and building as much as finding the optimum dosage that works greatest for you. As with any nicely-being product containing active ingredients, in case you have any considerations or are on any current treatment, always seek the advice of your healthcare skilled first.
See our full guide for more specifics on tips on how to determine your perfect CBD dosage. One essential method during which CBD oil could assist athletes is by decreasing pain and minimizing irritation post-exercise. It actually depends on why your body’s particular wants and the quantity in which you are Kailee taking CBD. hemp and cbd news These solvents have to be burned off the ultimate product which may damage the cannabinoids or terpenes in the course of. Some misrepresented merchandise comprise no CBD at all, or far less CBD than producers declare. Each product featured right here has been independently chosen by the writer. Using these six criteria, we narrowed down our listing to the top CBD gummy manufacturers.

CBD Oil Vs Hemp Oil: Check The Difference And Decide What To Buy

Also, they check their efficiency, as well as purity, not to mention the potential presence of dangerous contaminants. Even whenever you exclude retail shops in your neighborhood, you continue to must be careful concerning the source of your CBD oil. One of the key differences between these two oils is the truth that the Wellness Tincture has CBG instead of CBN. I am a shallow girl and in addition an artist, so site layout and design is vital to my making a purchase order. Additionally, CBD can help by countering insomnia, one of the most damaging signs of PTSD. Current pharmacological therapy choices for PTSD have been proven to be inefficient and produce appreciable unwanted effects.

It’s so good to read an article that isn’t put out by a CBD gross sales web site – I wish it could be properly prescribed and controlled (I’m within the UK) so as to trust with purity and dosage. This has labored higher for me, rather than relying on a bought, untested product – where some seem to work and others are a waste. CBD can enhance the level in your blood of the blood thinner coumadin, and it could elevate levels of certain different medicines in your blood by the very same mechanism that grapefruit juice does.

Know How CBD Can Help Women with Premenstrual Discomfort

The solely type of CBD that can currently be legally cultivated hemp-derived CBD. THC, the main cannabinoid in marijuana produces psychoactive effects, whereas cannabidiol does not. I can attest to its effectiveness for such persistent issues as arthritis and nervousness.
Best CBD Beauty and Cosmetics Products
The ECS relates to numerous necessary techniques in your physique and helps hold your inside rhythms in optimal stability. You should buy CBD oil online proper right here or discover it at a pharmacy, gym, smoothie bar, vitamin shop, or even a doctor’s workplace near you. Distillate is usually clear, or slight amber color and historically contains no plant matter and primarily contains THC, THCA, and CBD. High quality and high potency CBD oils are thick and exhausting to dispense in a conventional tincture bottle.
These merchandise have been some of the first ever developed and manufactured by the Active CBD oil model. We then recirculate the ethanol by way of the plant matter a number of instances, permitting for max extraction. SabaiDee supplies a number of the highest high quality CBD merchandise available in the marketplace.
Due to differences in legality, hemp-derived products are far more accessible and broadly out there for purchase online. William B. O’Shaughnessy began investigating the therapeutic properties of CBD-wealthy cannabis.
Cannabidiol is a hemp-derived substance added to beauty products used to look after the pores and skin and different purposes. Many manufacturers claim that their CBD cosmetics have benefits that are previously unprecedented. The CBD-crammed magnificence products market is anticipated to be price $1.70 billion internationally in five years, as per a Grand View Research firm report. According to that report, CBD beauty merchandise for skincare will doubtless have excessive demand in America and Canada because medical marijuana is legalized in these nations. Look for products that point out “cannabidiol”, “hemp extract”, “broad-spectrum CBD”, “full-spectrum CBD” or “hemp CBD” on the label. Also, observe that hemp seed oil or cannabis Sativa seed oil isn’t the identical thing as CBD oil. “CBD oil is extracted from the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant. It’s a finer and lighter oil as in comparison with hemp seed oil that tends to be greasier,” explains Pekar.

How to Get the Best Quality CBD Oils for Vaping?

The University of London performed a examine that found a relationship between cannabinoids and the addiction to nicotine. In this study, recurring people who smoke got an inhaler crammed with CBD and a placebo. A latest study with animals by the Scripps Research Institute in San Diego found that the brain’s serotonin receptors are ignited by CBD. This was discovered to be directly associated to a discount in drug-looking for conduct.
Many researchers are presently investigating whether CBD could assist individuals with neurodegenerative conditions like Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis, and ALS. Early results have been broadly optimistic, but more studies are essential. Animal analysis additionally suggests that CBD may defend the mind from the effects of stroke and decreased blood circulate if the outcomes could be repeated in people.
As you’ve most likely gathered by now, CBDfx can’t make any declare regarding CBD gummies for aches and pains. Since there is no definitive reply to this question, as everybody has a unique reaction, it is best to simply try the gummies out for yourself! Your body will successfully metabolize CBD whether or not you vape it, eat it, or drink it. With cannabis oil, which is completely different from CBD oil, it’s on common 20 p.c. Although chemically comparable, CBD and THC don’t have the identical results psychoactively. One person might describe their ache as 10/10 – whereas one other individual with the exact same situation reviews their pain as 6/10. These receptors are situated within the spinal twine and mind and are tasked with controlling the quantity of pain that reaches the mind.
The Federal Farm Bill legalized the production and sale of hemp bred with zero.3% % or much less THC. No, vaping CBD is not going to get you high, until it is derived from marijuana containing THC. It incorporates trace amounts of THC (as much as zero.three%) which isn’t sufficient to get you high. They sometimes don’t like having something new added to their food, making supplementing their diets to ease well being points challenging. Developed by dedicated veterinarians, they’ve been designed to pass the style and odor test.

Refillable pens are finest for people who know they could want to vape repeatedly. Good factor, there’s a multitude of research that seem to point that CBD oil may be a protected, pure and efficient answer for hypertension . Dr. Timna Naftali, CBD oil can play a key position in slowing the movement of meals within Corinne the gut, growing urge for food, reducing ache, preventing diarrhea, and lowering intestinal secretion. study printed in 2014 appeared to establish if cannabidiol might help deal with obstructive sleep apnea, which impacts close to one hundred million individuals worldwide.

Cbd Bitter Kids Gummies

While helping out at a pal’s California cannabis farm, Mertens began to grasp the therapeutic properties of cannabis. She began infusing it into therapeutic massage oils to use on her clients, and shortly developed a line of products under the Mary Jane’s Medicinals name. Trina Johnson, the co-founder of Blue Forest Farms in Longmont, is passionate about the hemp plant. Materials created from the fibrous plant are hearth- and mould-resistant and stronger than steel. It can be used to make clothing, construct homes, assist individuals sleep and relieve ache. Whether you rub it on your body or swallow a capsule, CBD-infused oils, lotions and ingestible merchandise are rapidly turning into a way of life choice for many individuals. He explains that there are numerous CBD merchandise on the market, including tub powders, lotions, salves, beauty productsand cosmetics, capsules, tinctures and pain rubs.
Our favorite picks for February are a bit perkier, just like our collective mood. By consuming both in equal measure, your properly-being advantages equally too—it’s all about balancing the ratio of CBD and THC to your needs. So, whereas CBD could be present in marijuana, ingesting it definitely wouldn’t make you feel the identical means marijuana would.
CBD oil has gained lots of attention within the well being and wellness realm, and for good reason. CBD research is ongoing, which implies we are going to probably discover even more health advantages to CBD oil in the near future. an observational examine found that cannabis consumption significantly helps alleviate the symptoms of fibromyalgia. Let’s travel down memory lane and discover the journey of the highly resourceful plant.
In the eyes of the law, nonetheless, THC in hemp shouldn’t exceed zero.3 p.c. We’ll function a useful resource for you as you learn extra about how CBD can support you. The Barlean household has been making healthy oils and dietary supplements in the Pacific Northwest for nearly 30 years. And like all of our merchandise, our Ideal CBD Hemp Oil meets the very highest requirements of excellence. Many medical studies show that CBD has potential for benefiting human and animal well being through its connection to the ECS. While analysis is ongoing, it’s truthful to say CBD is able to affecting almost every organic course of in your physique as it acts upon your CB1 and CB2 cell receptors .
It may be troublesome to find a retailer that sells CBD merchandise in Kentucky. Fort-Worth is one other Texas city where it may be tough to purchase CBD products in store.
Tinctures are made by soaking CBD-rich hemp blooms in excessive-proof grain liquor, then cooking them over minimal warmth for several hours. Results revealed that adults tolerated the differences in the remedy nicely. Unfortunately, many individuals believe alcoholic drinks and CBD merchandise are in the identical vein.

Although hemp hearts don’t comprise any THC at all, the shells do have hint amounts (below 0.three% THC). CBD could also be promising as a sleep help; one of many unwanted side effects of the Epidiolex trials for epilepsy was drowsiness, based on Mr. MacKillop, a co-writer of a review on cannabinoids and sleep. “If you’re on the lookout for new remedies for sleep, which may be a clue,” he said. A recent study of 84 CBD products purchased online showed that greater than 1 / 4 of the merchandise contained much less CBD than labeled. CBD and THC are the power couple of hashish therapeutics, interacting to amplify each other’s healing properties. Give it a attempt to experience the exciting flavors together with even higher results. This non-GMO, all-pure product is made out of American grown hemp only.
Hemp and marijuana can produce high quantities of CBD, however THC amount isn’t on the same ranges. As well as all kinds of smoking, marijuana may have unfavorable consequences.
If you have an interest in CBD merchandise for pain relief, seek the advice of your doctor first to learn extra and find out what merchandise may be best for you. “There’s simply not lots of science,” says the University of Toronto’s Assistant Professor, Dr. Sandy Skotnicki. While a fantastic number of studies confirm that topicals containing cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabinol might help control pain, it’s not all that sure whether or not CBD can work for skincare. There is a hype round CBD beauty items, but are these merchandise hype-worthy?
This means you can take advantage of your downtime, leaving you brilliant-eyed, alert and able to seize the day. While more human research must be carried out, CBD seems to be a promising therapeutic tool for a spread of conditions such as nervousness, epilepsy, and chronic ache. If you do want to attempt it out, make sure to research your state’s legal guidelines and check in with a doctor to make sure that you’re consuming it safely and legally. Still, researchers know that CBD has antinociceptive and anti-hyperalgesic effects — which means it could block the detection of pain by neurons and counter pain sensitivity. While animal research found CBD to be a promising therapy for nerve-based ache and inflammatory ache, few studies have examined its results on people.
So if CBD turns out to be effective for pain management, it may help battle the opioid epidemic, but at current, these hopes are merely conjecture. What we all know up to now suggests CBD might decrease feelings of pain, but we nonetheless have a lot left to be taught. Your doctor or your pharmacist will finest know how CBD would possibly work together with the opposite medication you’re taking.

CBD is usually regarded as an important cannabinoid ever discovered. However, Bonn-Miller told Live Science that he thinks hashish analysis is on the upswing. “If we flash ahead five years I suppose you’ll see extra studies,” he said.
  • It just isn’t but identified whether or not CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties can be thought of as just anti-getting older effects.
  • These statements haven’t been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
  • While helping out at a friend’s California hashish farm, Mertens began to grasp the healing properties of cannabis.
  • They can be vaporized in a regular weed vaporizer or could be purchased in pre-roll form.
  • That means it won’t produce that “excessive” that’s related to marijuana, Dr. Ian explains.
  • Hemp and marijuana can produce high amounts of CBD, but THC quantity is not on the identical levels.

According to the researcher, these treated with CBD had lower blood stress before and after exposure to annoying stimuli . Scientists imagine that CBD reduces nerve ache by binding to glycine receptors within the brain that regulate the pace at which nerve signals pass between nerve cells. There have additionally been recommendations that CBD may aid within the remedy of cannabis and nicotine habit. This course of produces a high focus CBD oil that may present a more targeted method to well being and steadiness.
All of our hemp-derived CBD merchandise are high in CBD and have lower than 0.three% THC. Hemp and marijuana comprise cannabidiol , in addition to tetrahydrocannabinol . By tapping into how we perform biologically, CBD can present aid for chronic pain, anxiousness, irritation, despair and many different situations. Get the analysis.The manufacturer should present a certificate that certifies the amount of CBD that is in the product.

I’ve come to comprehend that this ingredient is essential for my dry skin because it mildly exfoliates without stripping. I can’t cease speaking about this liquid highlighter that actually makes me appear to be I actually have glass pores and skin—the dream! Unlike heavy pearlescent highlighters that simply look cakey over my foundation, this peachy liquid goes on clear and provides off an excellent-sheer, reflective glow.
Medical marijuana is frequently prescribed to people with intractable (remedy-resistant) ache, together with those with terminal most cancers. Our CBD oil on the market has been completely examined by an ISO accredited, third-party impartial lab. They ensure that our merchandise include zero pesticides, heavy metals or dangerous contaminants. Hemp has been cultivated for use in such numerous fields as paper, insulation, rope, and bioplastics. Available in a variety of products, from facial oils and moisturisers to soaps and serums. Be conscious that marketers and folks behind retail counters aren’t health professionals; they are salespeople. However, inhalation of vapor oils and chemical byproducts carry unknown risks, notably for people with inflammatory arthritis.
There’s an important distinction to make between CBD oil tinctures and CBD oil made for inhalation. That’s why most cannabis grown for recreational functions are usually very low in CBD and excessive in THC. It isn’t intended to provide medical advice or to take the place of medical advice Allueur Hemp and CBD Infused Skincare and Beauty Products or treatment from a private physician. All viewers of this content are suggested to consult their docs or certified well being professionals concerning specific health questions.
One of the most important issues you are able to do is understand the way to learn a product label. You can both get the basic bottle with a dropper, or you can attempt their pre-measured Daily Doses. Some do not work well in the presence of CBD, whereas others cease working completely. Take as little an amount as attainable, and then wait an applicable period of time to see how it sits with you.
Best CBD Beauty and Cosmetics Products
So, “be sure to belief the model and have confidence that the product is secure and that it accommodates precisely what the label claims it contains,” says Donnelly. “It’s best to always opt for products which have been examined in a 3rd-get together lab,” suggests Pekar. While the analysis on CBD’s advantages is fairly restricted, it’s usually considered protected to make use of topically. “There is likely no hurt in continuing to use a CBD-infused product you like,” tells Dr. Adarsh Mudgil, a double board-licensed dermatologist and founding father of Mudgil Dermatology. “If you occur to have a reaction from a CBD topical product, it is likely not from the CBD itself, however some other ingredient like a botanical,” explains the skincare specialist.
If you’re keen on bitter peaches, you’ll be totally smitten with these Hawaiian peach rings. The statements in this article haven’t been evaluated by the FDA, and the merchandise listed beneath aren’t supposed to diagnose, deal with, cure, or stop any illness. Most CBD merchandise can be found for online purchase, soothe skin, and promote basic wellness with out the necessity for a prescription. We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by licensed medical professionals. CBD oil outperformed edibles and lotions when it came to reaching the very best (and longest-lasting) concentration of CBD within the blood. Study proof and personal reports recommend that CBD might assist people go to sleep and get more sleep. Research has proven that a CBD stick can achieve a measurable reduction in anxiousness.
Green Roads produces its CBD oils in its own FDA-registered and CGMP-licensed facility. Our authentic formula, which took years to develop by our co-founder, helps improve every a part of the expertise. It has a chilled impact on the nerves and enhances your psychological and your physical well-being. CBD is a superb, plant-based mostly way to help your general well being so you can stay in peak situation. Each is a pharmacist-formulated, premium blend of hemp-derived cannabinoid extracts.
Maybe it will be better to get myself checked by a medical skilled before taking some CBD oil capsules. The anti-inflammatory properties of CBD have inspired the advertising of its by-merchandise, similar to CBD oil, for pain reduction and rest. The common rule of thumb is to “begin low and go sluggish” so you can find the proper dose for you in your meals, drinks or different functions of choice. Another popular means of consuming hashish oil is by adding it to your smoothies. Cannabis oils are concentrates which might be created by extracting cannabinoids like THC and CBD from cannabis vegetation.

Allueur CBD and Hemp Skincare Products and Cosmetics

Cannabis is legal in San Diego and you can buy CBD and THC products at an area dispensary. The eating expertise doesn’t intrude very much, providing a simple, straightforward gummy that will get the job accomplished. Several CBD consultants favor shopping for CBD products made solely in U.S. hemp, owing to agricultural procedures. This permits for the sublingual absorption of the liquid into the bloodstream.

Your digestive system will course of the product and more will be absorbed by your physique. Discover CBD was began in 2015 to provide prime quality CBD oil in its purest kind. In partnership with The New Rules of In-Store Retail Insights from Bluemercury, The North Face, and Klarna paint a brick-and-mortar panorama brimming with potential.

Benefits of CBD Oil in Treating Neuropathy

If it doesn’t have any added flavors, CBD oil has a very earthy, plant-based style. CBD oil may remain in your system for as much as five days, relying on several private factors. However, at Diamond CBD, we’ve found new and progressive ways to extract this novel cannabinoid to make it extra economical to give to you, the buyer.

Nonetheless, it’s unimaginable to get “high” by smoking or ingesting CBD-excessive hemp , as it is also inconceivable to get excessive by consuming CBD oil merchandise . CBD is extracted and separated from particular sorts of cannabis, usually often known as hemp. Certain CBD cosmetics have hemp seed oil, however different products contain CBD oil taken out from hemp flowers. The latter oil doesn’t have over zero.3% tetrahydrocannabinol, says Taidi. Well-known magnificence gadgets like lip gloss and mascara contain both of the aforesaid oil after the stress-free of cannabis guidelines in regards to the objects all through North America, says Taidi. Despite hemp’s legalization, individuals nonetheless ponder whether hashish derivatives such as it and cannabidiol could make them lose touch with actuality. Consumers wonder if mind-altering marijuana elements enter their pores and skin and thereby cause the effect, which one would affiliate with cannabis.
Aside from decreasing anxiousness-related behaviors in folks with nervousness problems, CBD is also hailed for its capability to mitigate symptoms and pain related to cancer. Hemp has excessive ranges of cannabidiol and very low levels of tetrahydrocannabinol . Hemp is completely different from marijuana in that it contains high CBD content and low THC content, therefore, hemp does not have the identical intoxicating or “psychoactive” results marijuana does. CBD oils do not make you excessive, which is why you can take them safely every single day to complement your health. More typically than not CBD oil refers to a mix of cannabinoids and terpenes carried in an oil . CBD oil typically refers to a carrier oil (MCT, hemp seed oil, olive oil, and so forth.) blended with either one or many cannabinoids.

About The Author

Nataly Komova

Author Biograhy: Nataly Komova founded Chill Hempire after experiencing the first-hand results of CBD in helping her to relieve her skin condition. Nataly is now determined to spread the word about the benefits of CBD through blogging and taking part in events. In her spare time, Nataly enjoys early morning jogs, fitness, meditation, wine tasting, traveling and spending quality time with her friends. Nataly is also an avid vintage car collector and is currently working on her 1993 W124 Mercedes. Nataly is a contributing writer to many CBD magazines and blogs. She has been featured in prominent media outlets such as Cosmopolitan, Elle, Grazia, Women’s Health, The Guardian and others.